In fact, the terrain is ideal for Argentina’s adopted grape type, Malbec, which is responsible for some of the country’s most renowned wines. The defining features of Argentine Malbec include its brightness and intensity, as well as its floral aromas and black fruit tastes. Mendoza is the epicentre of Argentine winemaking; the region produces 75% of the country’s wine and 85% of its Malbec.
There are also large vineyards of Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, and Bonarda in Argentina, in addition to its national grape. Cabernet Franc and the more Hispanic Tempranillo wines are more recent additions.
Regions & Climate
In terms of land area, Argentina is the second largest country in South America, with a total of slightly over 2.8 million square kilometres. It begins at the northern border of Bolivia and continues all the way to the southernmost point of South America.
The country features a wide range of topographies, from the arid Pampas in the east to the snow-capped Andes in the west. The foothills of the Andes are home to the vast majority of Argentina’s vineyards.
Mendoza is widely recognised as Argentina’s premier wine-growing region, and for good reason: the province’s wines consistently earn high marks from wine critics. The high heights and dry climate of the surrounding desert create a terroir that is ideal for growing grapes that will eventually be turned into robust red wines with complex aromas and flavours.
In the Mendoza region, vineyards can be found as high as 1,500 metres (5,000 feet) above sea level. Long, gradual ripening periods here allow for balanced sugars and acidity in the grapes, thanks to the considerable diurnal temperature variance and enhanced sun exposure.
Being in the rain shadow of the Andes results in minimal precipitation in Mendoza, and the meltwater from the mountains is used extensively for irrigation.
Salta and Catamarca, in the country’s north, are located at considerably greater elevations. The highest vineyard in the world belongs to Bodega Colomé and is located in Molinos at an altitude of 3000m (9,900ft), making it higher than the summit of Mount St. Helens in the Pacific Northwest of the United States.
High altitude and cool mountain air moderate the low latitudes in this part of Argentina, which from 22°N to 28°N are closer to the Equator than any European wine area. This region is known for producing Argentina’s hallmark aromatic white grape, Torrontés, which results in a wine that is both highly aromatic and highly aromatic.
Some of Argentina’s best wine comes from places that are more in close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean than the Andes Mountains. The milder climate of Rio Negro and Neuquen in Patagonia’s southern part, Patagonia, are ideal for producing Pinot Noir wines.
Winemaking in Argentina dates back to the 1500s, when Spanish missionaries and then Italian settlers introduced grape growing to the country. Until recently, all wines produced in Argentina were made from grapes grown within the country, with the high-yielding Criolla Grande and Cereza varieties being the most common.
However, in the past two decades, winemakers in the country have improved quality and established a strong export market abroad. Argentina is now the world’s fifth most famous wine-producing country, joining the ranks of France, Italy, Spain, and the United States.
Famous Argentinian Wines
Catena Zapata Malbec Argentino, Mendoza, Argentina
Red wine from Mendoza, Argentina, known as Catena Zapata Malbec Argentino. Its primary grape is Malbec, and it’s recognised for its robust body, complex fruit flavours, and ripe tannins. Mendoza is one of Argentina’s best wine-producing regions, and its high-altitude vineyards are ideal for growing grapes for this variety of wine. Catena Zapata’s Malbec Argentino is widely regarded as a top example of the winery’s excellent Malbec production.
Terrazas de Los Andes ‘Cheval des Andes’, Mendoza, Argentina
The Andean Foothills’s Stunning Terrain Located in the Argentinean province of Mendoza, “Cheval des Andes” is a red wine. This wine is a hybrid of Argentine and Bordeaux grapes, and it’s renowned for its nuanced complexity and harmonious finish. Terrazas de los Andes is a winery in Mendoza, Argentina, one of the best wine-producing regions in the world, known for its high-altitude vines. Named after the Andes Mountains and the gaucho horse culture of Argentina, “Cheval des Andes” is a red blend. Flavors and aromas of ripe fruit, together with soft tannins and a long, refined finish, are commonplace when describing this wine.
Bodegas Caro ‘Caro’, Mendoza, Argentina
Caro, a red wine mix from Bodegas Caro, is made in the Argentine wine region of Mendoza. It’s a joint effort between two renowned wineries: Argentina’s Bodegas Caro and France’s Château Lafite Rothschild. The grapes for this wine come from the high-altitude vineyards of Mendoza, Argentina, one of the best wine-producing regions in the world. Here, they are blended with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. The wine has a long, silky finish and is renowned for its complexity, balance, and elegance thanks to its abundance of fruity flavours and aromas and its supple tannins. One of the most sought-after wines in the Argentine wine market is the Bodegas Caro “Caro,” which is widely regarded as one of the winery’s signature products.