Australia is a major wine-producing country in terms of both quality and scale. It produced 10.6 million hectolitres of wine in 2020, with a roughly 60:40 distribution between red and white grape varietals. The most popular Australian wine in our database is Penfolds Grange Bin 95, a Shiraz with a hint of Cabernet Sauvignon.
Australia has established a thorough appellation system, with over 60 designated wine areas and wine produced in all states to some extent. Our Australian wine label page has further information about the wine and labelling laws.
Its large area and diverse range of meteorological and geographical conditions make it one of the world’s most flexible wine-growing regions. Australia will have 146,000 hectares (360,000 acres) of vineyards by 2021. 39% of this was planted to Shiraz, 24% to Cabernet Sauvignon, and 21% to Chardonnay. Merlot accounted for 8%, with Sauvignon Blanc accounting for 6%.
The country has also had a significant impact on the globalisation of wine. Many of its products have a great international presence, as do its well-trained and skilled wine professionals, who have shared their knowledge throughout the world.
Climate & Terrior
Overall, the southerly latitude has the most influence on the mesoclimates of Australia’s winemaking regions, with a robust Mediterranean climate of warm, dry summers and chilly, rainy winters. Regional characteristics like as height and closeness to the oceans are also important.
From the extremely fertile red-brown dirt of the Riverina to the old, worn granite-based soils of Margaret River, soil types vary widely. The terra rossa of the Coonawarra region in southwest South Australia is the most well-known soil type in the Australian wine industry. The bright red clay-loam is rich in iron ore and stands on a bed of limestone with unexpectedly good drainage. It is a popular winemaking soil type, yielding notably aromatic Cabernet Sauvignon. Similar soils can be found in Spain’s La Mancha region and Italy’s Carso region.
This diversity of terroir and growth conditions leads in a diverse range of wine styles. Blockbuster Shiraz, for example, is made in South Australia’s Barossa Valley. At higher elevations, the nearby Eden Valley produces several of Australia’s top Rieslings. Clare Valley’s portfolio also includes bold reds as well as delicate Riesling and Chardonnay.
Mornington Peninsula in Victoria is a coastal influenced location that uses colder climate grapes. The sea’s moderating influence on the Fleurieu Peninsula generates a Mediterranean climate further north. Tasmania, located 240 kilometres (150 miles) south of the continent, is best renowned for its elegant Pinot Noir and sparkling wines.
Wine Growing States
Wine is produced in all six Australian states, however the vast majority is produced in the southeast. The milder climates of New South Wales, Victoria, and, in especially, South Australia, make them the most important states for wine production. The latter generates roughly half of the country’s annual output.
Western Australia accounts for only about 2% of total national output. However, the greatest wineries are highly known on export markets because the state has a distinct wine style from the rest of the country. The state produces over 20% of the country’s great wine, with the Margaret River region’s Bordeaux red mixes standing out.
Famous Australian Wines
Penfolds Grange Bin 95
Penfolds Grange Bin 95 is a premium red wine made by Penfolds, an Australian winery. It is regarded as one of Australia’s greatest and most iconic wines, and is highly sought after by wine collectors and aficionados. The wine is crafted from Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon grapes cultivated in South Australia, and it has a deep and complex flavour profile with notes of dark fruit, spice, and chocolate. The wine is matured in oak barrels for several years to enhance its flavour and character. Penfolds Grange Bin 95 is regarded as a high-quality Australian wine benchmark and a representative of the country’s winemaking legacy and ability.
Henschke Hill of Grace Shiraz, Eden Valley, Australia
The Graceful Henschke Hill The Eden Valley region of South Australia is home to the Henschke winery, where they craft a premium red wine called Shiraz. Due to its high quality and popularity, this Shiraz wine from Australia is often ranked among the best in the world. Its rich, strong taste profile is characterised by undertones of dark fruit, spice, chocolate, and vanilla. The Hill of Grace vineyard, where the Shiraz grapes for this wine are cultivated, is more than 150 years old, making it one of the oldest in Australia. The wine is stored for a long time in oak barrels to develop its complex flavour. The winery’s dedication to making outstanding wine from one-of-a-kind vineyards in South Australia is reflected in their highly praised Henschke Hill of Grace Shiraz.
Standish ‘The Standish’ Shiraz, Barossa Valley, Australia
It’s the “Standish” Standish, an Australian winery in the Barossa Valley of South Australia, produces a premium red wine known as Shiraz. Some of Australia’s finest red wines, especially Shiraz, come from the Barossa Valley, and “The Standish” is widely recognised as a shining example of the region’s style. Shiraz grapes from specific vineyards in the Barossa Valley are used to create this full-bodied, rich wine with traces of wood and spices to complement the black fruit flavours. The wine is stored for a long time in oak barrels to develop its complex flavour. The winery’s dedication to making high-quality, expressive wines that highlight the distinctive character of the Barossa Valley is shown in their highly sought-after Standish “The Standish” Shiraz.